5 minutes reading time (1016 words)

New German Lesson: Grammar: Hin/Her Prefixes with Verbs

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We're excited to announce that Nina Freebird of Vocal Creations Berlin has just published "Grammar: Hin/Her Prefixes with Verbs", a new Beginner level German language lesson, on Language Mentor! 

Lesson Script

Hin und Her Präfixe mit Verben
Hin and Her Prefixes with Verbs

Hin and Her Prefixes with Verbs
"Hin" and "her" are combined, as prefixes, with certain verbs of movement, thus creating new verbs. "Her" indicates movement toward something or someone. For example, "kommen" means "to come"; "herkommen" means "to come to me". In the infinitive form these words are attached to the beginning of the verb, but these are separable verbs, so in most cases you'll encounter the prefixes at the end of a sentence. For example "Er kommt zu mir her", which means "He comes to me here". Note that "her" tends to carry an implicit meaning of "here".

The Prefix "Her" with Verbs
Let's start practicing.

Everybody come here please.
Alle kommen bitte her.

He brings the chair to me here.
Er bringt mir den Stuhl her.

He comes to me here.
Er kommt zu mir her.

Tom gives us the pillows here.
Tom gibt uns die Kissen her.

You bring the food to me here.
Du bringst mir das Essen her.

You rush from the garden to me here.
Du eilst aus dem Garten zu mir her.

She rolls the ball over to me here.
Sie rollt den Ball zu mir her.

She gives the key to me here.
Sie gibt mir den Schlüssel her.

The Prefix "Hin" with Verbs
Now that we've learned about the prefix "her", let's take a look at the prefix "hin". "Hin" indicates movement away from something or someone. For example the verb "hingehen" translates into "to go there". Note that "hin" tends to carry an implicit meaning of "there".

The Prefix "Hin" with Verbs
Let's start practicing.

I'm running to Sarah and Mark there.
Ich laufe zu Sarah und Mark hin.

I'm running to them there.
Ich laufe zu ihnen hin.

We're now driving to him there.
Wir fahren jetzt zu ihm hin.

Today we are going to her party there.
Wir gehen heute zu ihrer Party hin.

You guys run very quickly to them there.
Ihr rennt sehr schnell zu ihnen hin.

He walks to his car there.
Er läuft zu seinem Auto hin.

Sarah drives to her friend there.
Sarah fährt zu ihrer Freundin hin.

They go over to her.
Sie gehen zu ihr hin.

Prefixes "Hin" and "Her" with Verbs
Now let's practice "hin" and "her" together.

My friend takes my kids to soccer practice there.
Meine Freundin bringt meine Kinder zum Fußballtraining hin.

My children swim towards me.
Meine Kinder schwimmen zu mir her.

Can you give me the book please?
Kannst du mir das Buch bitte hergeben?

I'm sending you the letter there.
Ich schicke dir den Brief hin.

She rolls the ball over to him.
Sie rollt den Ball zu ihm hin.

Would you give me the sugar please?
Gibst du mir bitte den Zucker her?

The women bring the flowers here.
Die Frauen bringen die Blumen her.

Soon you guys fly from Berlin to my sister there.
Ihr fliegt bald von Berlin zu meiner Schwester hin.

They run over to them from the red bus.
Sie rennen von dem roten Bus zu ihnen hin.

My father comes here for a visit.
Mein Vater kommt zu Besuch her.

I walk from my car to her there.
Ich laufe von meinem Auto zu ihr hin.

They give us the bicycles.
Sie geben uns die Fahrräder her.

I drive here from Hamburg.
Ich fahre aus Hamburg her.

You drive from Sarah to the shop there.
Du fährst von Sarah zum Laden hin.

The dog brings the ball to me.
Der Hund bringt mir den Ball her.

Today he walks from the school to soccer practice there.
Heute läuft er von der Schule zum Fußballtraining hin.

He walks to me from the woods.
Er läuft aus dem Wald zu mir her.

When does he drive to her there?
Wann fährt er zu ihr hin?

When do you come to me?
Wann kommst du zu mir her?

Formal you walk directly from work to his concert there.
Sie laufen direkt von der Arbeit zu seinem Konzert hin.

They rush from the parking lot over to the hospital.
Sie eilen vom Parkplatz zum Krankenhaus hin.

He comes over to me from the bar.
Er kommt von der Bar zu mir her.

Wieder Hergeben - A Special Case
As we've explained, the prefix "her" usually indicates movement towards something, and you've seen that "hergeben" means "to give something to someone here". If we add the word "wieder", everything changes. "Wieder hergeben" is translated as "to return" or "to give back". For example, "Wir geben ihr das Auto wieder her" simply means "We return the car to her", and in this case, the person receiving the car, could be here, or there. Let's practice this.

We return the car to her.
Wir geben ihr das Auto wieder her.

When does he return the key?
Wann gibt er den Schlüssel wieder her?

The son returns the shoe.
Der Sohn gibt den Schuh wieder her.

Carl returns the bicycle to us.
Carl gibt uns das Fahrrad wieder her.

He returns the books to me.
Er gibt mir die Bücher wieder her.

Can you return the pen to me, please?
Kannst du mir den Stift wieder hergeben bitte?

She doesn't return your bicycle to you.
Sie gibt dir nicht dein Fahrrad wieder her.

We return your car to you.
Wir geben dir dein Auto wieder her.


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Creative Commons License

This article and the lesson that it presents are both licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license.
New German Lesson: Grammar: Hin/Her Prefixes with ...
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Tuesday, 24 November 2020
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